Imam Sadiq Online Seminary offers heartfelt condolences on the occasion of 21st of the Month of Ramadhan, the Martyrdom Anniversary of the Leader of All Believers, Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (a)

During the holy month of Ramadan of the year 40 A.H. Amir al-Mu'minin (PBUH) was continuously pointing out his martyrdom. His companions used to say, "He was giving us the news of his death with his words, but we did not understand." In his last days, he visited each of his children for breaking the fast. However, he never ate more than three mouthfuls. One of his children asked why he ate so little. Imam Ali (PBUH) said, "The order of Allah will soon come, and I want my stomach to be empty. I have less than two nights to live."

At the night of his martyrdom, he was invited to his daughter's (Umm al-Kolthum's) house. He again ate three mouthfuls and started to pray. He often looked at the sky and watched the movement of stars. In that night he said, "I swear to Allah, I neither lie and nor has the person who gave me the news (the Prophet); this is the night which I was promised my martyrdom."

This was the promise Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) had given him. Ali (PBUH) narrated that, "Once the Prophet recited a sermon about the greatness of the month of Ramadan and started to cry in the end. I asked him about the reason. Prophet replied, ‘For the destiny that awaits you in this month; it seems that I see you praying and the worst of all people jumps up and hits you in the head with his sword and your blood covers your beard red."

That horrible night was eventually over, and Ali (PBUH) moved toward the mosque before the dawn. He entered the mosque, started his prayer. As he was performing Sajdah, Ibn Muljam hit Ali (PBUM) on his forehead and split it.

Indeed, at this moment Ali's (PBUH) bloody ascent started from prostration. Amir al-Mu'minin's (PBUH) blood covered his surrounding area, and his beard was colored red. At this moment Ali (PBUH) said, "I have triumphed by the Lord of Ka'ba." And then he recited this verse, "From it (the earth) We created you and into it, we shall send you back and from it will We raise you a second time" (The Holy Quran, 20:55)

The people arrested Ibn Muljam and imprisoned him. Hassan and Hussain (PBUT) placed the Imam on a mat and carried him home. The people brought some milk for the Imam, as this was the common drug for sick people. He drank a little amount of milk and said, "Give your prisoner some of this milk and do not bother him."

After the incident, the physicians of Kufa came to visit Imam Ali (PBUH). The most experienced doctor said, "Ali, prepare yourself for the last will because the injury has reached your brain, and we cannot heal it." Hence, Imam Ali (PBUH) asked for a paper and ink to write his last will to his sons Hassan and Hussain (PBUT).

At the end of this will, Imam Ali (PBUH) became unconscious, and once he regained his conscious, he opened his eyes and said, "O Hassan!  I have a few words with you. Tonight is the last night of my life.  Once I die, wash and perform my burial with your own hands. Supervise my burial ceremony; perform Salat al-Mayyit over by my body; and bury me in the darkness of night secretly far from the city of Kufa, so that no one will find where I am buried."

Two days after the strike by the sword of Ibn Muljam, Imam Ali (PBUH) bid farewell to the world at the age of 63. He was martyred on the Friday night of the twenty-first of Ramadan in the year 40 A.H. Mourning men and women crowded the Imam's house, and the city of Kufa shook from this uproar, just as it had the day Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) passed away.

Imam Hassan (PBUH) washed the soulless body of Amir al-Mu'minin (PBUH), prayed the Salat al-Mayyit, and buried his father in a city called "Ghuray", present-day Najaf.

And this way the bright flame of the existence of a man, who was born in the Ka'ba and martyred in the Mosque, went out. He was a man that after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) the world did not witness anyone equal to him.

Imam Sadiq Online Seminary
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